Who and why could be interested in the Deep Web? Is the Deep Web the reign of cybercrime? Is it legal surf in anonymity?
Professionals have several advantages to surf through Deep Web and the conviction that it represents a parallel world of illicit activities is profoundly wrong.
Let’s start with the consideration that illicit activities are daily arranged on clear web such as in the Deep Web, in many cases we have read of platforms used to spread and sell malware on the ordinary web and we all know that is quite simple to find any kind of objects, also illegal, on the clear web.
But what primarily distinguishes the clear web from the Deep Web? Of course, when we speak of hidden web we can think of a dark world characterized by the possibility to surf, under specific conditions, in total anonymity. This aspect makes very desirable the Deep Web for cyber criminals that in short time is moving all their activities in the dark world.
But consider also that the Deep Web is the privileged channel used by governments to exchange documents secretly, for journalists to bypass censorship of several states and also dissidents to avoid the control of authoritarian regimes… and these are just a few samples of not illicit use of the resources of the deep web.
How is possible that resources located on the web are not visible and which are the content of the hidden web?
Ordinary search engines use software called “crawlers” to find content on the web, they are computer programs that browse the World Wide Web in a methodical, automated manner and are mainly used to create a copy of all the visited pages for later processing by a search engine that will index the downloaded pages to provide fast searches.
This technique is ineffective in finding the hidden resources on the Web that could be classified into the following categories:
Dynamic content: dynamic pages which are returned in response to a submitted query or accessed only through a form, especially if open-domain input elements (such as text fields) are used; such fields are hard to navigate without domain knowledge.
Unlinked content: pages which are not linked to by other pages, which may prevent Web crawling programs from accessing the content. This content is referred to as pages without backlinks (or inlinks).
Private Web: sites that require registration and login (password-protected resources).
Contextual Web: pages with content varying for different access contexts (e.g., ranges of client IP addresses or previous navigation sequence).
Limited access content: sites that limit access to their pages in a technical way (e.g., using the Robots Exclusion Standard, CAPTCHAs, or no-cache Pragma HTTP headers which prohibit search engines from browsing them and creating cached copies).
Non-HTML/text content: textual content encoded in multimedia (image or video) files or specific file formats not handled by search engines.
Text content using the Gopher protocol and files hosted on FTP that are not indexed by most search engines. Engines such as Google do not index pages outside of HTTP or HTTPS.
Is it legal to surf in anonymity? Right to anonymity – Legal implications
US laws establish a right to Speak Anonymously on the Internet and also right to Read Anonymously on the Internet, ensuring the principle of free internet ideological confrontation and the right to free movement of information.
“People are permitted to interact pseudonymously and anonymously with each other so long as those acts are not in violation of the law. This ability to speak one’s mind without the burden of the other party knowing all the facts about one’s identity can foster open communication and robust debate.”
The technological developments of recent years caused high attention to the legal and technological possibility to maintain the online anonymity, especially in the face of the multiplication of resources internet monitoring.
The right to internet anonymity is also covered by European legislation that recognizes the fundamental right to data protection, freedom of expression, freedom of impression. The European Union Charter of Fundamental Rights recognizes in Article. 8 (Title II: “Freedoms”) the right of everyone to protection of personal data concerning him.
The right to privacy is now essentially the individual’s right to have and to maintain control over information about him.
Deep Web is not the hell
After this overview I desire to explain to the readers that despite the Deep Web provide an environment to protect their privacy there are several conditions and different type of attacks that could expose user’s identity. Governments are increasing their capability to monitor the hidden network, mainly trying to infiltrating them with spying services. In more than one occasion we have read of several U.S. cyber units totally dedicated to the monitoring if the Deep Web.
We have said that Deep Web is a creature desired by governments to allow to operate in totally anonymity, of course this aspect has been also exploited by cyber criminals, hacktivists and normal people who desire to defend their privacy, for this reason, institutions and agencies of every countries have promoted project to develop new monitoring systems and at same time they have started a misinformation campaign against the this parallel and hidden world.
The governments want you stay far from hidden web, because they cannot spy on you, the crime is present in deep web as in the clear web of course the anonymity granted by deep web could encourage and facilitate criminal activities but at same time it represent an obstacle to the criminal that for example desire to steal sensible information of the users or spy on them.
Meanwhile on the clear web we are able to find many reports produced by security firms on cyber criminal activities and related earnings, we know relatively little about the profits related to the Deep Web that is characterized by a size and a criminal turnover dramatically greater than the one in the dark web.
In the meantime … don’t believe to those that say you that Deep Web is the reign of the evil, because they are trying simply to defend their secrets keeping you away from that place.
Is it Safe to browse the Deep/Dark Web from my PC?
Well, the answer is Yes. The deep web is the site where you have numerous legal and illegal content. It depends on the content that you search. But people in the dark web talk anonymously. Most of the PC users are searching Drugs, Guns, Grams, and Porn etc. These are the explicit content that is against the law. But this doesn’t stop the user access on the hidden web.
What are some best safety measures to be taken before visiting the Deep/Dark Web?
If you need to be safe in the dark world, my first recommendation would be the VPN. It is because they are highly secured and powerful to secure your privacy over the internet. Buy VPN immediately. Don’t restrict them. Be Secured.
Don’t use your mobile phone for 2-step verification on Tor.
Don’t operate user account outside Tor.
Don’t post your personal information.
Do not use HTTP website on Tor.
Don’t send unencrypted data over Tor.
Do not use Tor with Windows.
Don’t forget to delete cookies and local website data.
Don’t use Tor for Google search.
Don’t connect to the same server with and without Tor simultaneously.
Follow these steps before accessing the dark/deep web.