The psychological bent on Mary Shelley's Frankenstein is quite compelling. Even for today. Found this article and thought it might be good to share with this site:
The Frankenstein Complex was born out of such harsh judgments against beings of the unknown. The Frankenstein Complex is the “fear of artificial human beings”(Clapper). But in reality, the Frankenstein Complex should be a fear of creators.
Frankenstein’s creation is “born” as a tabula rasa, yet society and Victor label him before even he can form an opinion of himself, and his judgment and constant rejection cause him to react as any human would, by striking out, seeking to eliminate that which caused him harm in the first place. Victor’s creation is not a monster. He is a product of a society’s inability to cope with advancing science and its consequences. His very presence is due to Victor’s experimenting in alchemy, and his greed for fame.
Victor is the one that should be labeled as the monster, since he is the one who shows characteristics of being a monster. Carl Gustav Jung, a Swiss psychiatrist, composed a list of characteristics that define what a monster is. Jung expressed that monsters are “unnatural - aberrations of the nature order… hostile toward others… inspire dread and embody evil…not human – even those that look and act like people are not fully human,” and all of these characteristics can be found in Victor’s personality.