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Member Since 09 Aug 2015
Offline Last Active Nov 09 2017 01:15 AM

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In Topic: Incredible Archaeological Discoveries - Merged

07 November 2017 - 01:53 PM

Scientists Just Found a Hidden Chamber in the Great Pyramid of Giza
Scientists have found a hidden chamber in Egypt’s Great Pyramid of Giza, the first such discovery in the structure since the 19th century and one likely to spark a new surge of interest in the pharaohs.
In an article published in the journal Nature on Thursday, an international team said the 30-meter (yard) void deep within the pyramid is situated above the structure’s Grand Gallery, and has a similar cross-section. The purpose of the chamber is unclear, and it’s not yet known whether it was built with a function in mind.
The seemingly empty region, which the researchers neutrally call “the void,” is at least a hundred feet long. Its purpose remains unclear; researchers are cautiously avoiding the word “chamber” for the time being.
“We don’t know for the moment if it’s horizontal or inclined, [or] if it is made from one structure or several successive structures,” said study coauthor Mehdi Tayoubi, president and cofounder of the Heritage Innovation Presentation (HIP) Institute, in a press briefing. “What we do know is that this void is there, that it is impressive, [and] that it was not expected by any kind of theory.”
And to those fantasizing about personally exploring the void, a word of caution. No known corridors connect to the space, and researchers and outside experts alike stress that there are no future plans to drill into the void. Instead, they say that in the near-term, they will do whatever they can to peer into the space non-invasively.
“There’s lots of heavy, thick rock, and by drilling something, you don’t know how you will affect the entire thing,” says Ikram. “If there’s something behind the Mona Lisa, would you want to wipe her clean and see what’s behind her? You really have to preserve the integrity of the monument.”
In 2016, the same researchers reported that they'd found void space behind the north face of the pyramid.
Reactions to the new announcement within the Egyptology community were mixed.
"The void can be another chamber or a gallery, an aerial shaft, or an architectural fault that was sealed off," said Monica Hanna, an archaeologist, Egyptologist and founder of Egypt's Heritage Task Force, which focuses on protecting ancient sites. Hanna said nondestructive methods of studying the pyramids were a valuable way to investigate the original design of the pyramid without having to destroy parts of the structure.
Hawass was more dismissive.
"We have to always be very careful about the word void, because the Great Pyramid is filled with voids," he said. The builders of the pyramid set stones of varying size and shape in its core, Hawass said, so the whole structure is riddled with gaps. The original designers of the pyramid also left sealed-off construction tunnels. Identifying these voids has more to do with publicity than with advancing knowledge of the pyramid, Hawass said.
"It has nothing to do with any secret rooms or anything inside the Great Pyramid," Hawass said. He said he and his colleagues on the committee that reviews findings from Giza plan to author a paper explaining what they prefer to call "anomalies" from an Egyptology standpoint.

In Topic: I, Robot - MERGED

06 November 2017 - 03:39 PM

This thread link gives information on A.I. lawyers and the possible future implications of letting A.I. see and control your entire day, everyday, from birth to death: Meet the A.I. god of the future:




I have to admit, it's far out stuff, but people have a tendency to let the machines they own dictate their lives. Is it possible for the machine to own you?

In Topic: Once Upon A Time....

06 November 2017 - 03:28 PM


I don't really think it is 'unchecked'. 
What about "God is the only one who knows the time"? 
...do you think an A.I. god could simulate a time?



A.I. could certainly help you run your day. Every little task and event is accounted and recorded for future analysis. 

In Topic: A.I. Godhead - Religions of the Future

06 November 2017 - 03:20 PM

AI am the law
Computing: Software that gives legal advice could shake up the legal profession by dispensing faster and fairer justice 
GIVEN the choice, who would you rather trust to safeguard your future: a bloodsucking lawyer or a cold, calculating computer? Granted, it's not much of a choice, since neither lawyers nor computers are renowned for their compassion. But it is a choice that you may well encounter in the not-too-distant future, as software based on “artificial intelligence” (AI) starts to dispense legal advice. Instead of paying a lawyer by the hour, you will have the option of consulting intelligent legal services via the web. While this might sound outlandish, experts believe that the advent of smart software capable of giving good, solid legal advice could revolutionise the legal profession.
What is arguably one of the most conservative of all professions has already been quietly undergoing a technological revolution: many lawyers now use automated document-retrieval systems to store, sort and search through mountains of documents. But the introduction of smarter programs, capable of not just assisting lawyers but actually performing some of their functions, could turn the profession on its head. Such software could both improve access to justice and massively reduce legal costs, both for the client and the courts.
Anatomy of an artificial lawyer
What makes both these programs so smart is that they do more than just follow legal rules. Both tasks involve looking back through past cases and drawing inferences from them about how the courts are likely to view a new case. To do this, the programs use a combination of two common AI techniques: expert systems and machine learning.
Expert systems are computer-based distillations of the rules of thumb used by experts in a particular field. SplitUp, for example, uses an expert “knowledge base” of 94 different variables, which are the factors identified by legal experts as most important to judges dealing with domestic-property disputes. Because no two cases are ever the same, and because judges use different degrees of discretion, it is not enough simply to apply a set of rules to these variables, however.
Hence the need for machine learning, a technique in which a decision-making system is “tuned” using historical examples, and adjusting the model to ensure it produces the correct answer. The system is trained using a sample of previous cases to learn how these variables have been combined by judges in the past. All of this builds an accurate model of the decision-making process a judge might use, and allows it to be applied to new cases, says Dr Zeleznikow. GetAid also makes inferences, but instead of working out what the courts will award the client, its intelligence lies in its ability to predict whether the client has a winnable case.
Lawyer v computer
In the 1980s, a program designed to help lawyers interpret immigration law laid down by the British Nationality Act caused consternation among academics and lawyers alike. Shockingly, it could be used by lawyers and non-lawyers alike. Critics were worried that bypassing lawyers might pose a threat to democracy, because of the important role lawyers play in re-interpreting statutes laid down by Parliament, says Blay Whitby, an AI expert at the University of Sussex. “Any change to the status quo should be the subject of proper, informed democratic debate,” he says.
Such concerns still linger, but attitudes seem to be shifting, says Mr Forsyth, as a new generation of more technology-savvy lawyers emerges. In 1999, a Texas court banned a basic self-help software package, Quicken Family Lawyer, on the grounds that the software was, in effect, practising law without a licence. Yet within 90 days this decision was overturned. This indicates a willingness among judges, at least, to tolerate the technology. Americans may like lawsuits, but they like technology even more.
None of these systems threatens to put lawyers and judges out of a job, nor is that the intention. They do things that people do at the moment, says Dr Zeleznikow, “but they could be quicker and cheaper”. What the systems still lack is the ability to exercise discretion, and that is not likely to change for the foreseeable future—so humans need not worry about losing their jobs to an army of robo-lawyers. But smart software has the potential to make legal advice more readily available, unnecessary court battles less frequent, and rulings more consistent. Surely not even a lawyer could argue with that. 

In Topic: Halloween Tricks and Treats

31 October 2017 - 08:05 PM




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